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مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : King Abdullah II

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06-27-2014, 09:52 PM
King Abdullah II

Abdullah II (born 1962) succeeded his father, the late male monarch, as king of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on Feb seven, 1999. little identified outsideJordan before turning into king, Abdullah has shocked several observers by displaying a natural flair for employment several same he could ne'er handle.

Abdullah's ascension to the throne was a surprise to almost everybody. in the final months of King Hussein's life, he had entrusted power to his brother, crown prince Hassan, heir apparent to the Jordanian throne. less than period before his death, some feuding at intervals the house maddened Hussein and caused him to announce that Abdullah was now next in line for the throne. it had been associate degree announcement that appalled and disturbed several in Jordan. Abdullah, Hussein's eldest son by his second wife, princess Anglesey Island, was known as a competent military leader, serving as a major general to blame of Jordan's elite Special Forces. However, he had no experience in handling affairs of state, particularly worrisome during a country that requires delicate diplomatic maneuvering just to maintain a fragile state of peace with its neighbors.

State of Shock

Typical of the reactions to Abdullah's abrupt elevation to the best levels of power in Jordan was this comment made to Maclean's magazine by K. Aburish, a London-based Palestinian author World Health Organization was born in Jordan: "I suppose everybody in the country remains during a state of shock." Abdullah's military background served him well in Jordan where the military is one in every of two centers of power, the second being the Islamic movement.

Had Hussein lived longer, he was widely expected to have passed the mantle of power to patrician Hamzah, the oldest son of Hussein's third wife, American-born Queen Noor. However, since Hamzah was solely 19 years mature at the time of his father's death, he was thought-about too young and not adequately ready to steer the country. Critics decried Hussein's selection of Abdullah as his successor, charging that Abdullah was a superficial pleasure seeker, manifestly unsuitable for employment of such immense responsibility. However, almost from the instant he ascended to the throne, Abdullah has baffled his most vocal critics along with his ability to handle the duty. in the first months following his father's death, Abdullah raced to do to mend worn diplomatic ties with Syrian Arab Republic and Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. His grasp of political issues and pro-Western leanings quickly endeared him to diplomats in Washington, London, and different Western capitals.

Although several political observers centered on the contrasts between Hussein and his eldest son, Roscoe Suddath, president of the center East Institute, during a Feb 1999 interview with fundamentals News, chose to spotlight the similarities between father and son. "He's a lot like the king," Suddath told fundamentals. "He's got that wonderful magnetic and winning temperament, winning smile. he is in person very physical, very vigorous. He likes to appear of airplanes, drive quick cars, a bit like his father." Suddath went on to convey his feelings about however Abdullah would fare as king. "I suppose he is capable of turning into king, yes. i think he will trust a lot of on the establishments, on the prime ministry, on the royal advisers, on the parliament."

Married Since 1993

Abdullah has been married since june 1993 to the previous Rania al-Yasin, the female offspring of Palestinian oldsters living in Kuwait. The couple has two kids, patrician Hussein, born in 1994, and princess Iman, born in 1996. Abdullah and Queen Rania have gone to great lengths to maintain shut ties to the Jordanian folks, choosing to live outside the royal compound and rubbing elbows now and again once they dine out at the Howard Johnson's eating place in capital of Jordan.

Abdullah, the eldest son of Hussein, could be a product of his father's marriage to British-born Queen Anglesey Island. He was born patrician Abdullah bin al-Hussein on Gregorian calendar month 30, 1962, and is one in every of eleven kids of Hussein. Abdullah began his education at the Islamic academic faculty in Jordan. He later studied at St. Edmund's college in Surrey, England, and Eaglebrook college and Deerfield Academy in Deerfield, Massachusetts. after completing his educational activity, Abdullah enrolled in 1980 at the Royal military academy at Sandhurst, where he received his military education. In 1984, the patrician enrolled at Oxford University to require a annual course in international politics and foreign affairs.

After finding out at Oxford, Abdullah came back to active duty in Jordan's military service. He quickly rose to the rank of captain and won command of a tank company in the 91st Armored Brigade. From 1986 to 1987, he was hooked up to the eggbeater Anti-Tank Wing of the Royal Jordanian Air Force as a ways educator. during this period, Abdullah was qualified as a elapid attack eggbeater pilot.

Studied affairs

Late in 1987, Abdullah traveled to Washington, D.C., to attend Georgetown University's college of government agency. He undertook advanced study in affairs. after completing his studies in Washington, Abdullah came back to Jordan to resume his military career. He was first assigned to the 17th Tank Battalion, 2nd Royal Guards Brigade. in the summer of 1989, he was elevated to major and named second in command of the 17th Tank Batttalion. two years later, in 1991, he was named armor representative in the office of the military officer. Late that year, Abdullah was promoted to the rank of colonel and given command of the 2nd Armored automotive Regiment in the tenth Brigade. In Gregorian calendar month 1993, Abdullah became a full commissioned military officer and named deputy commander of Jordan's Special Forces. In june 1994 he was advanced to general officer and given command of Special Forces, in which capacity he continued until October 1997 when he was named commander of the Special Operations Command. In could of 1998, he was promoted to the rank of major general.

Somehow lost in the shuffle following the death of male monarch was his widow, Queen Noor, the previous Lisa Halaby World Health Organization was married to Hussein for twenty one years. although her oldest son, Hamzah, had long been thought-about the foremost doubtless candidate to succeed Hussein, his father's abrupt decline came at a time when Hamzah wasn't thought-about sufficiently old to shoulder such a responsibility. In any case, the abrupt elevation of Abdullah to power, and therefore the appearance on the scene of a new, younger queen, has just about left Noor in the shadows. In compliance along with his father's dying wish, Abdullah has named Hamzah crown prince. whether he will continue as heir apparent, however, remains to be seen. Abdullah features a young son, and in time he could choose to take the title of crown prince aloof from his brother and confer it instead on his own child.

Doubts about Abdullah's ability to carry his own in the international arena have bit by bit been dispelled, as the king has demonstrated an interesting facility for dealing with national leaders the planet over. it had been evident from the beginning of Adbullah's reign that he would persevere his father's campaign to bring a long-lasting peace to the embattled geographic region. talking to the planet Economic Forum in Davos, Schweiz, in Gregorian calendar month of 2000, Abdullah said: "It is the task of the new generation of leaders in the geographic region to rework peace settlements into a permanent reality of economic hope and chance for the peoples of the region. These leaders are the ones World Health Organization can closely escort the hopes and dreams of the folks of the center East World Health Organization long to be able to live and work like such a large amount of others round the world with the promise of hope and fulfillment."

Pledged Support to the U.S

Even a lot of telling was the king's reaction to the terrorist attacks on the u. s. on terrorist attack, 2001. Abdullah fleetly pledged Jordan's "full, un*****ocal support " in the yank war on terrorist act. during a meeting with President George W. Bush solely weeks after the attacks on the planet Trade Center and Pen***on, Abdullah told the yank president "we will stand by you in these very tough times." when asked if he thought it might be tough to unite geographical region countries against Saudi-born Osama Osama bin Laden and his band of al Quieda terrorists, the king said: "I suppose it will be very, very simple for folks to square along. as the president same, this is a fight against evil, and therefore the majority of Arabs associate degreed Muslims will confederate with our colleagues all over the planet to be able to place an end to the present alarming scourge of act of terrorism, and you may see a United Front." during a later meeting with international organisation officers on the U.S. terrorist attack, the king left little doubt about what he felt it would go for bring peace to the center East. "Israel's recognizing of the legitimate rights of the Palestinians, which is recognized by international resolutions, is the solely route to remove the tensions in the region," he said.

Some of Abdullah's own countrymen have expressed unhappiness with the king's shut ties to the u. s. and its allies. As Abdullah met in Washington with President Bush, a comedy organisation in capital of Jordan role player riotous laughter from its audience when members steered that Jordan's leaders say "no" to their own folks but "only shrewdness to mention OK" to the u. s..

A solution to the Palestinian downside is crucial for Jordan and King Abdullah, because nearly two-thirds of all Jordanians are of Palestinian extraction. the dominion and its ruler have intimate with issues in the past with civil unrest fomented by extremist Palestinian teams. during a meeting with British Prime Minister Tony Blair in October of 2001, Abdullah same the establishment of a Palestinian state was "inevitable" and therefore the solely sure thanks to guarantee stability in the region. The king supplementary that "it is in everybody's interest to bring" such a state into reality.

Before succeeding his father as king, Abdullah had acted as regent in the absence of his father and often traveled with Hussein on state visits to different countries. additionally, Abdullah had usually painted his country and male monarch on a range of visits to countries round the geographic region, developing shut relationships with variety of Arab leaders in the process.

Although the citizens of Jordan get pleasure from as wide a spread of personal freedoms as are often found in the Arab world, the country's social group still falls well in need of Western-style democracy. Its parliament has limited powers, and even Muslim clerics should submit the text of their sermons for state approval. Freedom of the press is likewise forced by sophisticated licensing needs for newspapers and obscure statutes that command any threats to national security. A recent survey taken by the Jordanian Center for Strategic Studies found that more than three-quarters of respondents believed they would face government punishment if they tried to demonstrate peacefully publically.

Abdullah has earned a reputation as a daredevil, numeration among his favorite pastimes car racing and free-fall descent. he is also a certified explorer, pilot, and scuba diver. Abdullah is an avid collector of ancient weapons and different armaments.

06-28-2014, 12:54 PM
God bless you